# Number Gossip

(Enter a number and I'll tell you everything you wanted to know about it but were afraid to ask.)

## Unique Properties of 560

- 560 is the number of different moves a bishop can make on a chessboard
- 560 is the smallest octagonal number which is twice another octagonal number
- 560 is the smallest Rhonda number (A positive integer n is a Rhonda number if for some base b the product of the base-b digits of n equals b times the sum of the prime factors of n with multiplicities)

## Rare Properties of 560

A *tetrahedral* number is the number of balls you can put in a triangular pyramid.

This is the space generalization of triangular and square numbers.

## Common Properties of 560

The number n is *abundant* if the sum of all its positive divisors except itself is more than n.

They are abundant above perfection, not to mention deficiency. See perfect and deficient numbers.

A positive integer greater than 1 that is not prime is called *composite*.

Composite numbers are opposite to prime numbers.

A number is *even* if it is divisible by 2.

Numbers that are not even are odd. Compare with another pair -- evil and odious numbers.

The number n is *odious* if it has an odd number of 1's in its binary expansion.

Guess what evil numbers are.

The number n is *practical* if all numbers strictly less than n are sums of distinct divisors of n.