# Number Gossip

(Enter a number and I'll tell you everything you wanted to know about it but were afraid to ask.)

## Unique Properties of 576

- 576 is the number of 4 x 4 Latin squares
- 576 is the smallest square such that it remains a square when its leading digit is increased by one

## Rare Properties of 576

The n-th *cake* number is the maximum number of pieces a (cylindrical) cake can be cut into with n (straight-plane) cuts.

Unfortunately, not everybody gets the frosting. If you cut pizza rather than cake, you get lazy caterer's numbers.

The number n is a *square* if it is the square of an integer.

## Common Properties of 576

The number n is *abundant* if the sum of all its positive divisors except itself is more than n.

They are abundant above perfection, not to mention deficiency. See perfect and deficient numbers.

A positive integer greater than 1 that is not prime is called *composite*.

Composite numbers are opposite to prime numbers.

A number is *even* if it is divisible by 2.

Numbers that are not even are odd. Compare with another pair -- evil and odious numbers.

The number n is *evil* if it has an even number of 1's in its binary expansion.

Guess what odious numbers are.

An integer n is *powerful* if for every prime p dividing n, p^{2} also divides n.

How much power? They all can be written as a^{2} b^{3}.

The number n is *practical* if all numbers strictly less than n are sums of distinct divisors of n.

A composite number is called a *Smith* number if the sum of its digits equals the sum of all the digits appearing in its prime divisors (counting multiplicity).

In 1984, when Albert Wilansky called his brother-in-law, named Smith, he noticed that the phone number possesses the property described here. Are they called joke numbers, because they were named after an innocent unsuspecting brother-in-law :-) ?

The *untouchable* numbers are those that are not the sum of the proper divisors of any number.