# Number Gossip

(Enter a number and I'll tell you everything you wanted to know about it but were afraid to ask.)

## Rare Properties of 565

The number n is called an *aspiring* number if its aliquot sequence terminates in a perfect number, and it is not a perfect number itself.

## Common Properties of 565

A positive integer greater than 1 that is not prime is called *composite*.

Composite numbers are opposite to prime numbers.

The number n is *deficient* if the sum of all its positive divisors except itself is less than n.

Compare with perfect and abundant numbers.

One can take the sum of the squares of the digits of a number. Those numbers are *happy* for which iterating this operation eventually leads to 1.

A number is *odd* if it is not divisible by 2.

Numbers that are not odd are even. Compare with another pair -- evil and odious numbers.

The number n is *odious* if it has an odd number of 1's in its binary expansion.

Guess what evil numbers are.

A *palindrome* is a number that reads the same forward or backward.

A number is said to be *square-free* if its prime decomposition contains no repeated factors.

*Undulating* numbers are numbers of the form abababab... in base 10.

This property is significant starting from 3-digit numbers, so we will not consider numbers below 100.