# Number Gossip

(Enter a number and I'll tell you everything you wanted to know about it but were afraid to ask.)

## Unique Properties of 666

- 666 is the standing modern guess as to the Number of the Beast (see discussion at, for example, Wikipedia)
- 666 is the sum of all the numbers on a typical roulette wheel
- 666 is the largest triangular number that is also a repdigit
- 666 is the largest triangular number such that all its substrings are also triangular numbers (submitted by Eran Binenbaum)
- 666 is the smallest number such that the product of its digits is 12 times the sum

## Common Properties of 666

The number n is *abundant* if the sum of all its positive divisors except itself is more than n.

They are abundant above perfection, not to mention deficiency. See perfect and deficient numbers.

The number n is called an *apocalyptic power* if 2^{n} contains the consecutive digits 666 (in decimal).

A positive integer greater than 1 that is not prime is called *composite*.

Composite numbers are opposite to prime numbers.

A number is *even* if it is divisible by 2.

Numbers that are not even are odd. Compare with another pair -- evil and odious numbers.

The number n is *odious* if it has an odd number of 1's in its binary expansion.

Guess what evil numbers are.

A *palindrome* is a number that reads the same forward or backward.

The number n is *practical* if all numbers strictly less than n are sums of distinct divisors of n.

A composite number is called a *Smith* number if the sum of its digits equals the sum of all the digits appearing in its prime divisors (counting multiplicity).

In 1984, when Albert Wilansky called his brother-in-law, named Smith, he noticed that the phone number possesses the property described here. Are they called joke numbers, because they were named after an innocent unsuspecting brother-in-law :-) ?

If you start with n points on a line, then draw n-1 points above and between, then n-2 above and between them, and so on, you will get a triangle of points. The number of points in this triangle is a *triangle* number.

Compare to square, pentagonal and tetrahedral numbers.

*Undulating* numbers are numbers of the form abababab... in base 10.

This property is significant starting from 3-digit numbers, so we will not consider numbers below 100.