# Number Gossip

(Enter a number and I'll tell you everything you wanted to know about it but were afraid to ask.)

## Unique Properties of 333

- 333 = 101 + 11 + 2 + 3 + 41 + 5 + 61 + 7 + 83 + 19, where each term is the smallest prime containing 0, 1, 2, ..., and 9, respectively
- 333 is the smallest multidigit composite palindrome such that the sum of its proper divisors is also a palindrome

## Common Properties of 333

A positive integer greater than 1 that is not prime is called *composite*.

Composite numbers are opposite to prime numbers.

The number n is *deficient* if the sum of all its positive divisors except itself is less than n.

Compare with perfect and abundant numbers.

A number is *odd* if it is not divisible by 2.

Numbers that are not odd are even. Compare with another pair -- evil and odious numbers.

The number n is *odious* if it has an odd number of 1's in its binary expansion.

Guess what evil numbers are.

A *palindrome* is a number that reads the same forward or backward.

*Undulating* numbers are numbers of the form abababab... in base 10.

This property is significant starting from 3-digit numbers, so we will not consider numbers below 100.