# Number Gossip

(Enter a number and I'll tell you everything you wanted to know about it but were afraid to ask.)

## Common Properties of 2811

A positive integer greater than 1 that is not prime is called *composite*.

Composite numbers are opposite to prime numbers.

The number n is *deficient* if the sum of all its positive divisors except itself is less than n.

Compare with perfect and abundant numbers.

One can take the sum of the squares of the digits of a number. Those numbers are *happy* for which iterating this operation eventually leads to 1.

A number is *odd* if it is not divisible by 2.

Numbers that are not odd are even. Compare with another pair -- evil and odious numbers.

The number n is *odious* if it has an odd number of 1's in its binary expansion.

Guess what evil numbers are.

A number is said to be *square-free* if its prime decomposition contains no repeated factors.

The next *Ulam* number is uniquely the sum of two earlier distinct Ulam numbers.