# Number Gossip

(Enter a number and I'll tell you everything you wanted to know about it but were afraid to ask.)

## Unique Properties of 118

- 118 is the smallest even number differing by a composite number from at least one of its prime neighbors
- 118 is the smallest three digit composite number, all whose other digit permutations are prime
- 118 is the number of ridges on a dime

## Common Properties of 118

A positive integer greater than 1 that is not prime is called *composite*.

Composite numbers are opposite to prime numbers.

The number n is *deficient* if the sum of all its positive divisors except itself is less than n.

Compare with perfect and abundant numbers.

A number is *even* if it is divisible by 2.

Numbers that are not even are odd. Compare with another pair -- evil and odious numbers.

The number n is *odious* if it has an odd number of 1's in its binary expansion.

Guess what evil numbers are.

A number is said to be *square-free* if its prime decomposition contains no repeated factors.