# Number Gossip

(Enter a number and I'll tell you everything you wanted to know about it but were afraid to ask.)

## Unique Properties of 870

- 870 is the smallest non-square that can be written as the sum of squares of some of its distinct prime factors
- 870 is the magic constant of a 12 by 12 magic square

## Rare Properties of 870

The number is called *pronic* if it is the product of two consecutive numbers.

They are twice triangular numbers.

## Common Properties of 870

The number n is *abundant* if the sum of all its positive divisors except itself is more than n.

They are abundant above perfection, not to mention deficiency. See perfect and deficient numbers.

A positive integer greater than 1 that is not prime is called *composite*.

Composite numbers are opposite to prime numbers.

A number is *even* if it is divisible by 2.

Numbers that are not even are odd. Compare with another pair -- evil and odious numbers.

The number n is *evil* if it has an even number of 1's in its binary expansion.

Guess what odious numbers are.

The number n is *practical* if all numbers strictly less than n are sums of distinct divisors of n.

A number is said to be *square-free* if its prime decomposition contains no repeated factors.