(Enter a number and I'll tell you everything you wanted to know about it but were afraid to ask.)
Fibonacci numbers are numbers that form the Fibonacci sequence. The Fibonacci sequence is defined as starting with 1, 1 and then each next term is the sum of the two preceding ones.
Fibonacci numbers are very common in nature. For example, a pineapple has 8 spirals if you count one way, and 13 if you count the other way.
A positive integer greater than 1 that is not prime is called composite.
Composite numbers are opposite to prime numbers.
The number n is deficient if the sum of all its positive divisors except itself is less than n.
Compare with perfect and abundant numbers.
A number is odd if it is not divisible by 2.
Numbers that are not odd are even. Compare with another pair -- evil and odious numbers.
The number n is odious if it has an odd number of 1's in its binary expansion.
Guess what evil numbers are.
A palindrome is a number that reads the same forward or backward.
A number is said to be square-free if its prime decomposition contains no repeated factors.
If you start with n points on a line, then draw n-1 points above and between, then n-2 above and between them, and so on, you will get a triangle of points. The number of points in this triangle is a triangle number.
Compare to square, pentagonal and tetrahedral numbers.