# Number Gossip

(Enter a number and I'll tell you everything you wanted to know about it but were afraid to ask.)

## Unique Properties of 48

- 48 is the smallest number with 10 divisors
- 48 is the only two-digit number that equals the difference of the squares of its digits: 48 = 8
^{2} - 4^{2}
- 48 is the first century with eight prime years

## Common Properties of 48

The number n is *abundant* if the sum of all its positive divisors except itself is more than n.

They are abundant above perfection, not to mention deficiency. See perfect and deficient numbers.

A positive integer greater than 1 that is not prime is called *composite*.

Composite numbers are opposite to prime numbers.

A number is *even* if it is divisible by 2.

Numbers that are not even are odd. Compare with another pair -- evil and odious numbers.

The number n is *evil* if it has an even number of 1's in its binary expansion.

Guess what odious numbers are.

The number n is *practical* if all numbers strictly less than n are sums of distinct divisors of n.

The next *Ulam* number is uniquely the sum of two earlier distinct Ulam numbers.