# Number Gossip

(Enter a number and I'll tell you everything you wanted to know about it but were afraid to ask.)

## Unique Properties of 454

- 454 is the largest number that cannot be written as a sum of 7 or fewer cubes

## Common Properties of 454

A positive integer greater than 1 that is not prime is called *composite*.

Composite numbers are opposite to prime numbers.

The number n is *deficient* if the sum of all its positive divisors except itself is less than n.

Compare with perfect and abundant numbers.

A number is *even* if it is divisible by 2.

Numbers that are not even are odd. Compare with another pair -- evil and odious numbers.

The number n is *odious* if it has an odd number of 1's in its binary expansion.

Guess what evil numbers are.

A *palindrome* is a number that reads the same forward or backward.

A composite number is called a *Smith* number if the sum of its digits equals the sum of all the digits appearing in its prime divisors (counting multiplicity).

In 1984, when Albert Wilansky called his brother-in-law, named Smith, he noticed that the phone number possesses the property described here. Are they called joke numbers, because they were named after an innocent unsuspecting brother-in-law :-) ?

A number is said to be *square-free* if its prime decomposition contains no repeated factors.

*Undulating* numbers are numbers of the form abababab... in base 10.

This property is significant starting from 3-digit numbers, so we will not consider numbers below 100.