# Number Gossip

(Enter a number and I'll tell you everything you wanted to know about it but were afraid to ask.)

## Unique Properties of 232

- There are exactly 232 different functions from a set of four elements to a proper subset of the same set

## Rare Properties of 232

The n-th *cake* number is the maximum number of pieces a (cylindrical) cake can be cut into with n (straight-plane) cuts.

Unfortunately, not everybody gets the frosting. If you cut pizza rather than cake, you get lazy caterer's numbers.

## Common Properties of 232

A positive integer greater than 1 that is not prime is called *composite*.

Composite numbers are opposite to prime numbers.

The number n is *deficient* if the sum of all its positive divisors except itself is less than n.

Compare with perfect and abundant numbers.

A number is *even* if it is divisible by 2.

Numbers that are not even are odd. Compare with another pair -- evil and odious numbers.

The number n is *evil* if it has an even number of 1's in its binary expansion.

Guess what odious numbers are.

The n-th *lazy caterer* number is the maximum number of pieces a (circular) pizza can be cut into with n (straight-line) cuts.

Unlike the situation with cake, everybody gets the toppings.

A *palindrome* is a number that reads the same forward or backward.

*Undulating* numbers are numbers of the form abababab... in base 10.

This property is significant starting from 3-digit numbers, so we will not consider numbers below 100.