# Number Gossip

(Enter a number and I'll tell you everything you wanted to know about it but were afraid to ask.)

## Unique Properties of 100

- 100 is perhaps most important as the basis of percentages (literally "per hundred"), with 100% being a full amount
- 100 is the sum of the first 4 cubes: 100 = 1
^{3} + 2^{3} + 3^{3} + 4^{3}
- 100 is the first number lexicographically if written in Roman numerals

## Rare Properties of 100

The number n is a *square* if it is the square of an integer.

## Common Properties of 100

The number n is *abundant* if the sum of all its positive divisors except itself is more than n.

They are abundant above perfection, not to mention deficiency. See perfect and deficient numbers.

A positive integer greater than 1 that is not prime is called *composite*.

Composite numbers are opposite to prime numbers.

A number is *even* if it is divisible by 2.

Numbers that are not even are odd. Compare with another pair -- evil and odious numbers.

One can take the sum of the squares of the digits of a number. Those numbers are *happy* for which iterating this operation eventually leads to 1.

The number n is *odious* if it has an odd number of 1's in its binary expansion.

Guess what evil numbers are.

An integer n is *powerful* if for every prime p dividing n, p^{2} also divides n.

How much power? They all can be written as a^{2} b^{3}.

The number n is *practical* if all numbers strictly less than n are sums of distinct divisors of n.